19th Century

Military and townsmen city                                                        

The growing industry and University, the new fellow citizens and changing military garrisons made life within the city more complex. It was often less idyllic than the old picture of Frankfurter Straße suggests.

Outside the levelled fortification ring, a first army barracks was built on Seltersberg. The accommodation of soldiers in private houses should come to an end. The military was pulled out in 1820 but re-instated a few years later; its role became more and more important in all developments from the beginning of the German Empire in 1871.

New political potential developed from the old political structures after the end of the Napoleonic era and later during the times when democratic movements were oppressed. This new political potential would define the society of the ending 19th century together with other directions, quite often resulting in conflicts.